in the philippines
General Info in the Philippines

Philippine History

This is what is taught in Philippine education system on how the history of Philippines started. We know very little about our beginnings. In fact all the materials before the Spaniards arrived were unfortunately destroyed purposely by the Spaniards so that Philippine history would start with them. Before Spanish Arrival Negritos are believed to be […]

In the Philippines administrator

This is what is taught in Philippine education system on how the history of Philippines started. We know very little about our beginnings. In fact all the materials before the Spaniards arrived were unfortunately destroyed purposely by the Spaniards so that Philippine history would start with them.

Before Spanish Arrival

Negritos are believed to be the first inhabitants of the Philippines. They said to have migrated some 30,000 years ago from Borneo, Sumatra, and Malaya. Malayans came after in successive waves passing in different direction. These people are said to belong to the primitive Malayan culture that up to this day is believed to survived among certain ethnic groups like the Igorots of the Mountain Province. The Philippines was said to be muslim dominated while others adore their pagan gods. They have already a flourishing culture and economy. There were even records of its early commercial international trades with the Chinese.

Spanish Colonization

Philippines was accidentally discovered by Ferdinand Magellan (Fernando Magalhaes), a Portuguese explorer who’s leading a Spanish fleet in March 1521 in search for the so called Spice Island. He landed in Humonhon island Leyte with his 150 crew being the first European to have set foot in Philippines. With the aid of his malay interpreter Enrique, he succeeded in exploring Cebu and converting Rajah Humabon to embrace christianity. However he was killed during a battle by another RAjah, Lapu Lapu after refusing to be a christianized. He died on the morning of April 27, 1521. Numerous Spanish expeditions were sent after the failure of Magellan. Ruy Lopez de Villabos from New Spain (Mexico) in 1542 who gets credit for naming the country after King Philip. It was only in 1564 that the Spanish expedition headed by Miguel Lopez de Legaspi succeeded in fully controlling the country. Spanish leadership was soon established over many small independent communities that previously had known no central rule. By 1571, when L√≥pez de Legaspi established the Spanish city of Manila on the site of a Moro town he had conquered the year before, the Spanish foothold in the Philippines was secure, despite the opposition of the Portuguese, who were eager to maintain their monopoly on the trade of East Asia.

The Chinese pirate Limahong tried to attack Philippines at several occasions but Manila repulsed it. In fact long before the Spaniards, the Filipinos were already trading with the Chinese. There were numerous uprisings by the Filipinos, who resented the encomienda system. The period from 1600 to 1663 was marked by continual wars with the Dutch, who were laying the foundations of their rich empire in the East Indies, and with Moro pirates.

The Revolution

Filipinos were more and more fed up and with the Spanish colonization and were more and more hungry for independence. The rising opposition against the cruel clergies, Spanish injustices, bigotry, and economic oppressions paved the way for the birth of the KKK – Kataas-taasang, Kagalang-galangang Katipunan ng? mg?√° Anak ng? Bayan ( Supreme and Venerable Society of the Children of the Nation) or simply Katipunan. Katipunan was founded by the plebeian Andres Bonifacio largely influenced the propaganda movement of the pacifists Jose Rizal, Marcelo del Pilar and Mariano Ponce, who expresses their sentiments through pen and writing. When Dr. Jose Rizal was executed via firing squad at Luneta (or bagumbayan) for conspiracy against the Spaniards Bonifacio gathered the Katipuneros and started the revolution. After 300 years of colonization the Philippine Independence was finally declared, but only for a short time as the Americans were starting to gain the territory.

American Occupation

After the famous so called “Mock Battle of Manila Bay ” (Mock because the entire battle was staged and the Spaniards have already surrerendered for they do not want to lose face against the Americans) the Katipuneros specially Emilio Aguinaldo were heavily supported by the Americans. The Filipinos had also declared their independence and established a republic under the first democratic constitution ever known in Asia. Their dreams of independence were crushed when the Philippines were transferred from Spain to the United States in the Treaty of Paris (1898), which closed the Spanish-American War. The Hare-Hawes Cutting Act, passed by Congress in 1932, provided for complete independence of the islands in 1945 after 10 years of self-government under U.S. supervision. The Philippine legislature finally ratified the second bill Tydings-Mcduffie which resembled the precendent act. The constitution, approved by President Roosevelt (Mar., 1935) and was accepted by the Philippine people in a plebiscite. Manuel L. Quezon was elected the first president of the Commonwealth of the Philippines in 1935. He was reelected in Nov., 1941. To develop defensive forces against possible aggression, Gen. Douglas MacArthur was brought to the islands as military adviser in 1935, and the following year he became field marshal of the Commonwealth army.

Filipinos are said to be freedom-loving people, having waged two peaceful, bloodless revolutions against what were perceived as corrupt regimes. The Philippines has  a vibrant democracy, manifested by presence of  12 English national newspapers, 7 national television stations, hundreds of cable TV stations, and 2,000 radio stations.

Filipinos are a fun-loving people. Throughout the islands  fiestas are celebrated everyday overflowing with a lot of warm hospitality and good sense of humor.

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , ,

POST A COMMENT

Your email is never published nor shared. Required fields are marked *

*
*

TAG CLOUD